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Jules Sébastian César Dumont D'Urville
L'Astrolabe and Zéléé 1837- 1840
The voyage of L'Astrolabe and Zéléé

Astrolabe

Barlatier Demas, François Edmond Eugène - Lieutenant
Le Breton, Louis - Assistant surgeon
Boyer, Joseph Emmanuel Prosper - Elève (also served on the Zéléé)

Desraz, César - Secretary to commandant
Ducorps
, Louis Jacques - Purser
Dumont D'Urville, Jules Sebastian César - Captain
Dumoutier
, Pierre Marie Alexandre - Naturalist, phrenologist
Durach, Joseph Antoine - Enseigne
Gervaize
, Charles François Eugène - Elève
Gourdin, Jean-Marie - Enseigne
Hombron, Jacques Bernard - Surgeon
Lafonde, Pierre Antoine - Elève
Le Maistre Duparc, Louis Emmanuel - Elève
Marescot-Duthilleul
, Jacques Maria Eugène - Enseigne
De Roquemaurel, Louis François Gaston marie August - Lieutenant commander
Vincendon-Dumoulin
, Clement Adrien - Hydrographer

Zéléé

Coupvent-Desbois, Aimé Auguste Elie - Enseigne
Dubouzet, Joseph Fidèle Eugène - First lieutenant
De Flotte, Paul Louis François René - Elève
Gaillard, Jean Edmond - Elève
Huon de Kermadec, Felix Casimir Marie - Purser
Jacquinot, Charles Hector - Commander
Jacquinot, Honoré - Assistant surgeon
Leguillou
, Elie Jean François - Draughtsman (artist)
Pavin de la Farge, Antoine Auguste Thérèse - Enseigne
Tardy de Montravel, Louis François Marie - Enseigne
Thanaron
, Charles Jules Adolphe - Lieutenant

Only officers and gentleman are listed here currently (details of ordinary seamen are much more difficult to come by for this era) each ship had a full compliment of 70-80 men


Jules Sebastian César Dumont D'Urville

L'Astrolabe and Zéléé in Antarctic watersIn 1836 Emperor Louis Philippe of France wanted France to play a part in the exploration of the Southern Seas.

As he saw it an imbalance had arisen, though it was 60 years since the British ship Endeavour under Captain Cook had entered the ice and though British and American whalers and sealers, had been in Southern waters for over 50 years, France had yet to play any active role. Dumont d'Urville in Astrolabe would lead and would be accompanied by another ship La Zéléé captained by Charles Hector Jacquinot. Seven scientists accompanied the crews on the voyage.

Captain Jules Sébastien-César Dumont d'Urville was fifty years old and crippled by gout, as he went aboard the Astrolabe he overheard one of his men wondering if he would actually survive the voyage. He was promised a reward by the king for each degree passed beyond 67° south and "whatever you choose to ask for" if he reached the South Pole.

The ships left Toulon on September the 7th 1837, the aim to locate the southern magnetic pole.

On January the 22nd 1838 the ships came across Antarctic ice in the Antarctic peninsula region, d'Urville described it:

"...a marvelous spectacle. More severe and grandiose than can be expressed, even as it lifted the imagination, it filled the heart with a feeling of involuntary terror; nowhere else is one so sharply convinced of one's impotence. The image of a new world unfolds before us, but it is an inert, lugubrious, and silent world in which everything threatens the destruction of one's faculties"

They were unable to make much progress as their ships were sail only, they sighted the previously named Palmer Peninsula and then sailed for Chile. Scurvy affected the crew and two men died while 22 others deserted the ships or were too ill to carry on.

They sailed across the pacific in more temperate and tropical climes before heading south again to Tasmania arriving in November 1839. They set sail for Antarctica once again on the first of January 1840 and on the 19th sighted a part of the continent where the first ever landing on continental Antarctica was made. The area was described by d'Urville as " a formidable layer of ice... over a base of rock" it was named Terra Adélie after d'Urville's wife. Seeing a new kind of penguin, he named that too after his wife.

They determined the approximate position of the southern magnetic pole before heading back to Tasmania and New Zealand arriving back in Toulon France on November the 7th 1840.

At a cost of 22 crew dead and 27 deserted, they had brought back more natural history specimens than had ever been obtained in a single voyage before. Dumont d'Urville's account of Astrolabe's third voyage took up 23 volumes and 5 atlases.


The Ship of Jules Dumont D'Urville Stuck in an Ice Floe in Antarctica
Giclee Print

The Corvette "Astrolabe" Caught Among Icebergs in the Antarctic
Giclee Print

The Corvette "Astrolabe" Caught Among Icebergs in the Antarctic
Giclee Print

Portrait of Jules Dumont D'Urville 1845
Giclee Print


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