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Lesson Plan on Antarctic
Travel - Computers and Everything
|Subjects - ICT, Spreadsheet, Science, Food Technology||Overview - Investigate the nutritional requirements for an Antarctic field trip using a spreadsheet||Age range:
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Antarctic Travel Lesson Plan
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The following lesson ideas and resources have been adapted from an idea and original spreadsheet generously sent to CoolAntarctica by Carl Sheen, an ICT teacher in England to be shared with the world. I then wrote it on my to-do list where it stayed for months on end before I adapted it somewhat using further information sent to me by Drummy Small from his encyclopedic memory of things Antarctic and some stuff he wrote down about days out with dog teams in Antarctica doing science.
|Resources and introduction|
The MS Excel spreadsheet can be downloaded here.
The spreadsheet needs to be made available to your class, so they can use it for the task. When completed, they can email it to you as an attachment, or copy it to a folder for marking.
This is intended for secondary age pupils, probably best used by ages 13-16, though it depends on ability of course.
The basic premise is that you are about to go on a 100 mile journey into the "Field" - that part of Antarctica (the vast majority of it) that isn't on a base to undergo a scientific survey.
You start off by choosing your method of travel, skidoo, dog sledding or manhauling. This then gives you your timings and requirements in terms of food and fuel. Note - this kind of trip is still carried out in Antarctica today, though skidoos are used for modern travel, the last dogs were removed in 1994 and while manhauling was a common method during the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration from 1897-1922.
You then need to assemble the food needed from the list that is a realistic representation of what you will find in food boxes used by travelling groups in Antarctica.
The distances travelled may seem low but they are realistic as they allow for "lie-up" days when the weather is too bad for travelling or working. High wind and white-out conditions are the commonest reasons for a lie-up. Working days are when the day is spent in one location on some kind of scientific surveying work.
|What work could they be doing?|
A dog team on firm snow with a Nansen sledge could haul up to 545kg (1200lb) per 9 dog team, dogs were 32-40kg (70-90lb) over 16km (10 miles) per day.
|Typical weights for a 2 man unit (2 teams of 9 dogs each) for 21 days = 42 man-days & 189 dog-days consumables only.|
2 x man food @ 55 lbs each = 110 lbs
1 x 4.5 gal paraffin @ 50 lbs = 50 lbs
7 x dog food @ 72 lbs each = 504 lbsabout 330 lbs per sledge
Static weight of typical Nansen sledge plus fixed equipment (lash lines, front/rear sledge bags, rescue equipment, crevasse probe, spare ski, repair kits, spare clothes, etc, etc, etc
About 200-225 lbs.
Main tent = 100 lbs
Pots box = 40 lbs
Tent box = 40 lbs
Food box = 40 lbs
Radio box = 40 lbs
Medical = 20 lbs
Personal = 60 lbs (sleeping bag, sheepskin, lilo, etc)
Pup tent = 25 lbs
Misc = 15 lbsAbout 200 lbs per sledge
|Total weight per sledge = approx 750 lbs|
|Days in field||Total miles||Total travel days||Total lie-up||Total work days||% travel||% lie-up||% working||Travel average||Daily average|
|Summer '71/'72||Stats by month|
|Days in Field||Total Miles||Total
|% Travel||% Lie-up||% Work||Travel Average||Daily
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