Ernest Shackleton - Time Line
Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1914/1917 - Endurance
A brief time-line with the major events noted. Download
a printable version or use online.
geography, history, english
Sir Ernest Shackleton, Endurance Expedition Time Line
August 1st 1914 - The Endurance sets sail from London.
November 5th 1914 - Arrival at Grytviken whaling station, South Georgia.
December 5th 1914 - Set sail for Antarctica, last contact with the outside world for 18 months, last contact with land for 497 days.
December 7th 1914 - First encounter with pack-ice.
January 18th 1915 - Endurance becomes beset, frozen into heavy pack ice a day's sail from the intended landfall.
February 22nd 1915 - Furthest south position reached at 77°S 35°W, the ice now starts to drift north carrying the Endurance with it.
August 1st 1915 - Ice surrounding the ship starts to break and push over itself, dogs brought on board.
September 1st 1915 - Ice pressure begins to act upon the ship.
October 27th 1915 - The Endurance is badly damaged by the pressure of ice acting upon her and leaking, Shackleton orders her to be abandoned, stores and equipment are taken onto the sea-ice and a camp established.
November 1st 1915 - After an attempt to march with boats and sleds, "Ocean Camp" is established a mile and a half from the Endurance.
November 21st 1915 - The broken and splintered Endurance sinks below the ice into the Weddell Sea.
December 22nd 1915 - Kept as Christmas Day, all remaining luxuries were eaten, the last really good meal for 8 months.
December 23rd 1915 - Ocean Camp is abandoned to try to move westwards to Paulet Island and a substantial food depot. Crew and dogs drag sleds and three lifeboats across the sea-ice.
December 29th 1915 - Very broken-up un-negotiable ice is met, a new camp is established "Patience Camp" , they were to live on the floe for nearly three and a half months.
April 9th 1916 - Ice floes breaking up and open water meant It was time to take to the boats and head towards the South Shetland Islands.
April 15th 1916 - Landfall at Elephant Island, the first time in 497 days.
April 24th 1916 - Shackleton and 5 others set off in the James Caird for South Georgia.
May 10th 1916 - James Caird arrives at King Haakon Bay, South Georgia.
May 19th 1916 - Shackleton, Crean and Worsley set out to cross South Georgia to reach the Stromness whaling station.
May 20th 1916 - Arrival at Stromness whaling station.
May 23rd 1916 - 1st rescue attempt, Shackleton sets out on the Southern Sky, a whaling boat to reach Elephant Island, is turned back by sea-ice and heads north arrives at the Falkland Islands on the 31st of May.
June 10th 1916 - 2nd rescue attempt on a trawler, Instituto de Pesca No. 1 loaned and provisioned by the Uruguayan government, again turned back by ice.
July 12th 1916 - 3rd rescue attempt by the schooner Emma, chartered and provisioned by donations raised at Punta Arenas, Chile also turned back by ice.
August 25th 1916 - 4th rescue attempt by the steam tug Yelcho loaned by the Chilean government successfully retrieves all of those on Elephant Island on August the 30th.
September 3rd 1916 - Yelcho reaches
Punta Arenas with all 28 men of the Endurance expedition.
The Crew of the Endurance Expedition
Bakewell, William - Able Seaman
Blackborow, Percy - Stowaway (later steward)
Cheetham, Alfred - Third Officer
Clark, Robert S. - Biologist
Crean, Thomas - Second Officer
Green, Charles J. - Cook
Greenstreet, Lionel - First Officer
Holness, Ernest - Fireman/stoker
How, Walter E. - Able Seaman
Hudson, Hubert T. - Navigator
Hurley, James Francis (Frank) - Official Photographer
Hussey, Leonard D. A. - Meteorologist
James, Reginald W. - Physicist
Kerr, A. J. - Second Engineer
Macklin, Dr. Alexander H. -
Marston, George E. - Official Artist
McCarthy, Timothy - Able Seaman
McIlroy, Dr. James A. - Surgeon
McLeod, Thomas - Able Seaman
McNish, Henry - Carpenter
Orde-Lees, Thomas - Motor Expert and Storekeeper
Rickinson, Lewis - First Engineer
Shackleton, Ernest H. - Expedition Leader
Stephenson, William - Fireman/stoker
Vincent, John - Able Seaman
Wild, Frank - Second in Command
Wordie, James M. - Geologist
Worsley, Frank - Captain