An archipelago of islands in the Arctic Ocean and inside the Arctic Circle about half way between Norway and the North Pole, the largest island is Spitsbergen. Lots of scenery, wildlife and history.

Svalbard / Spitsbergen Travel Guide, Arctic Circle Destination

High Arctic Cruise with Cool Antarctica and Antarctica Travels, wildlife, glaciers, hiking, polar bears!

2023: 57 cruise departures, May-Aug, 8-24 days
8 days from $4,000, 10 days from $7,990, 14 days from $8,774

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Regions:  Canada | Greenland | Iceland | Svalbard and Spitsbergen | Antarctica

The largest island that contains four settlements is called Spitsbergen, from Dutch meaning "pointed mountains", until 1925 the whole island group was called Spitsbergen, the name changed when Norway took over governance. Svalbard means "cold coasts".

The Arctic populations

Svalbard, circled, part of Norway (red), it is in the High Arctic, though the west coast in particular is kept ice free in the summer by the last remnants of the Gulf Stream.

Svalbard and Spitsbergen map

spitsbergen svalbard arctic svalbard tourism svalbard travel svalbard holiday to svalbard travel in svalbard spitsbergen holiday

Svalbard is an Arctic land and sea scape that is the way you imagined the Far North would be like. Almost wherever you are on the archipelago is going to be an impressive wilderness experience. Whether you are looking through the door of your tent, the panoramic window on the viewing deck of your ship or standing on the tundra drinking it all in, the dramatic snow-girdled mountains, vast glaciers and icebergs of one of Europe's last great wilderness areas you will be in one the places on Svalbard it's worth visiting.

Svalbard is a destination in itself or can be used as a starting or end point for a wider Arctic visit. It is the land of the midnight sun (there are 4 months of constant daylight in the summer), the land of the polar bear, the Aurora Borealis, endless green tundra, walruses, reindeer, thousands and thousands of birds and a variety of historic sites dating back to the early 1600's.

Walruses off Svalbard

There is one main town of Longyearbyen with a number of places to stay, cafes and restaurants, the Russian mining settlement at Barentsburg also has a hotel and places to eat, Ny Alesund is a research "town" with museum exhibits and gift shop but no other tourist facilities, Pyramiden is an abandoned Russian mining settlement. The main attraction of Svalbard is its largely pristine wilderness, wide open spaces and wildlife with no indication of human interference, the Norwegian government does a very good job in protecting this and also ensuring a positive visitor experience.

In the summer months, Svalbard becomes the land of polar bears, they are concentrated onto the land by the contracting sea ice and numbers build up to around 3,500 (against a human population of about 2,650) making it one of the best places to see them in the whole Arctic. The bears are part of a population that inhabits the region east of Svalbard to Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya and the Northern Barents region of Russia.

Bears in summer are often hungry as they can't hunt for seals once the sea-ice has gone, so they can be dangerous on land and can be encountered almost anywhere on the islands. A cruise is the best and safest way to see polar bears on Svalbard, they are often seen along the shore line in the summer.

Svalbard can be reached year round by flights from Oslo via Tromso in Norway, in the summer months there are flights direct from Oslo. Visas are not needed for the nationals of the EU/EEA and many other countries to enter Norway as a visitor for up to 90 days, use this to check.

Places to visit in Svalbard


Memorial at Smeerenburg

A historic site on Amsterdam Island, a small island in the extreme north west of Svalbard founded by Dutch whalers who first came here in 1614 and stayed until 1655. There are the remains of a number of blubber ovens from this time which were used to render down the fat from whales before storage in barrels for transport back to the Netherlands, "Smeerenburg" in Dutch means literally "blubber town". There is a monument to the people who lost their lives here in the 1600's erected in 1906 when a Dutch ship the Friesland gathered exposed bones pushed to the surface by centuries of frost heave and derelict grave markers etc. together.


A series of cliffs rising up sheer from the sea to over 100m like some kind of medieval fortress, the home of tens of thousands of Brunnich's guillemots, Kittiwakes and Glaucous gulls that nest on the cliffs. Being able to approach them from the sea means you get up close and will often be rewarded by the birds flying and landing close to your boat.

Brunnich's Guillemots, Uria lomvia, nesting on cliffs - 1 - Svalbard
The sea cliffs of Alkefjellet


A Russian mining town about 55km (34 miles) from Longyearbyen. There are no roads in or out, boats when ice-free or snowmobiles in winter are used to reach Barentsburg. It has a population of around 500, half of what there used to be at its peak but more than the minimum of a few years ago. It is an unusual place to visit, part ghost town, part live town. There are Soviet era reminders around, some big old buildings seem to have been abandoned intact and some are noticeably sagging or subsiding into the ground. Other nearby buildings are modern and clearly used. An interesting place to visit, there is a Pomor Museum too.

Barentsburg Svalbard - 6 - Subsiding Building
Barentsburg, abandoned subsiding building in the foreground, occupied buildings behind
Polar bear

Polar bears can be dangerous to people
(don't worry he's ok, just kidding around, the bear walked by hours before), look at the size of those paw prints!


An island on the east coast of Svalbard. There is an extensive area at Sundnesset covered with whale "sub-fossils" these are whale bones that were deposited here on the sea-bed from 50,000 to a few thousand years ago, the sea-bed then tilted and rose exposing the bones on the land. They are sub fossils as they are still made of bone rather than being mineralized as true fossils.


An inlet or sound on the west coast of Spitsbergen to the south, the next inlet down from the one that has Longyearbyen and Barentsburg. There is a history of whaling here from the 1600's, though the most obvious remains are of rowing boats and piles of bones from beluga whales that date from the 1930's when there was a  beluga whale fishery in the summer months.

Camp Mansfield

An abandoned mining camp from the early years of the 20th century. The machinery and huts are there as they were left over a hundred years ago, disintegrating only very slowly in the cold Arctic climate which has preserved the relics well.

Barentsburg Svalbard - 6 - Subsiding Building
Bellsund, beluga whaling boats dating from the 1930's
Mining Relics - Svalbard - 3
Camp Mansfield looks like the people just left and forgot to come back


At the south end of Hornsund fjord is a large open bay called Gashamna which was the site of summer-only whale processing in the 1600's to 1700's. There are the remains of the blubber ovens here and in particular of some of the larger bones from the Bowhead and Right whales that were killed and brought ashore to be dealt with. The nutrients from the bones have leaked out and support small but verdant communities of plants (mainly mosses) which still form isolated ecosystems recycling nutrients 350 years later. A foot or so beyond the bones and the ground is bare and sterile.


This is the administrative centre of Svalbard and almost certainly where you will arrive whether by sea or air. It was founded as a coal mining town and mining is still one of the main economic activities, the large wooden frames of aerial tramways can be seen in and around town that used to carry coal from the mines to the port to be loaded on ships. If you have any time here at the start or end of your trip, make sure you go to the museum, it gives a lot of information about the history, geology and wildlife of Svalbard that you will see when you travel around and help you understand what you see better.

Monacobreen glacier

A picturesque glacier that can be quite active with lots of icebergs in front, if you're lucky you'll see ice falling off the front while you are there.

Ny Alesund

Another Svalbard oddity, this research town began as a mining camp in 1917, it was where Amundsen and Nobile left from to reach the North Pole by airship in 1926, the airship mooring mast they used is still there. Mining ended in 1962 and research began in 1967, after 1992 non-Norwegian institutions were invited to build permanent stations there. There are currently 15 permanent stations with 30-35 people overwintering and around 120 in the summer months. Each country's research station is separate and generally self contained, though there is a common area where they all eat together.

You can wander freely around the town (though not enter buildings) there is a museum and gift shop.

The Arctic populations
Polar bear warning sign at the edge of Longyearbyen, wooden frames of the aerial tramway in the background that carried coal to the docks
The Arctic populations
Monacobreen glacier


Another Russian mining town similar to Barentsburg, though this one was abandoned in 1998. It is not entirely clear why this was abandoned and Barentsburg wasn't, profitability seems to have been similar (both operating at a loss) and coal stocks similar. As it is no longer used you can walk around it freely, one for the urban explorer.

Sample cruise routes around or including Svalbard:

Actual routes available and durations vary somewhat from season to season, while the west coast is reliably ice-free in the summer months, the northern and eastern coasts may be partially impassible due to sea-ice, the route taken at the time will depend on this.

North Spitsbergen

Trips of 8 days explore the north and western coasts of Spitsbergen, fjords and glaciers. This side is reliably ice free in the summer months.

2023 departures:

  • 1 June / 8 June / 15 June
    16 June / 22 June / 29 June
    $4,000 - $10,300
    8 or 9 days

Svalbard circumnavigation and Kvitoya

Longer trips of 12 - 14 days can circumnavigate Svalbard including some of the islands to the east.

2023 departures:

  • 16 July / 23 July
    $11,395 - $27,095
    14 days


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Arctic Cruises and Land Based Trips

Arctic - Svalbard / Spitsbergen - Sample Cruises - 2023

Trip Departure Dates Highlights Pax Prices USD* Days Departure port
Introduction to Spitsbergen Historic sites, sea-ice, glaciers, wild flowers, lush tundra, walrus, polar bears, reindeer, huge sea bird colonies. $7,990 -
North Spitsbergen North from Longyearbyen, glaciers, historic sites, polar bears, walrus, lots of birds. $4,000 -
Spitsbergen Explorer Historic sites, sea-ice, glaciers, wild flowers, lush tundra, walrus, polar bears, reindeer, huge sea bird colonies. $8,991 - $16,111 12

Arctic - Greenland - Sample Cruises - 2023

Northwest Passage and Greenland Historic Canadian and Greenlandic sites, abundant wildlife, rich Inuit culture and dramatic icy landscapes. Polar bears, whales and walrus, hike across the tundra $14,279 -
16 or 17
Greenland Disko Bay Spectacular scenery of west Greenland, Inuit culture, museums, historic sites. Fjords, mountains and ice, Seabirds, look out for humpback and minke whales. $4,590 -
In the Wake of Eric the Red From Iceland to Greenland Kangerlussuaq to Reykjavik, the course set by Norse settlers, Disko Bay, glaciers, icebergs, Inuit culture, Ilulissat Icefjord UNESCO site, Nuuk. $5,790 - $9,490 11

Arctic - Canada - Sample Cruises - 2023

Northwest Passage and Greenland Historic Canadian and Greenlandic sites, abundant wildlife, rich Inuit culture and dramatic icy landscapes. Polar bears, whales and walrus, hike across the tundra $14,279 -
16 or 17
Complete Northwest Passage Greenland west coast to Baffin Island, NW passage to Alaska. Ilulissat Icefjord, stunning geology and  fjords, Beechey Island, Franklin's expedition, watch for musk ox, polar bears, beluga , walrus and narwhal. $35,195 - $39,395 29
Trip Departure Dates Highlights  Pax Prices USD* Days Departure port

Arctic - Iceland - Sample Cruises - 2023

Iceland in Depth Snaefellsnes Peninsula National Park bird cliff, geologically active region, cross the Arctic Circle, Heimaey. $6,176 - $7,308 9
In the wake of Celts and Vikings Ireland to Iceland via Scotland, Shetland and Faroe. Giant's Causeway, Skara Brae, Iceland, watch for spouting and breaching whales. $8, 101 - $9,678 13
Iceland, Greenland and Spitsbergen, Jewels of the Arctic Wildlife, musk ox, arctic hare and whales, world's largest national park and fjord system, Scoresby sund, Spitsbergen glaciers, mountains and polar bears. $10,816 -
14 or 15

* Prices are based per person, the lowest price is usually for triple occupancy in a basic cabin, the highest for double occupancy in the best available suite.

Options may be at additional cost and are usually booked when the cruise is booked - it may be too late once the cruise has started.

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Picture credits: Map of the Arctic, Svalbard, Norway - TUBS - Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license  |  Map of Svalbard - Panden - Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license  |  Walrus in slider - Iuriii Volkov - Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license